Controlling Degrees of Freedom in Learning a Taekwondo Kick

in Motor Control
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  • 1 State University of Londrina
  • 2 Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
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To test Bernstein’s degrees of freedom (DF) hypothesis, the authors analyzed the effect of practice on the DF control and interjoint coordination of a Taekwondo kick. Thirteen inexperienced and 11 expert Taekwondo practitioners were evaluated. Contrary to Bernstein’s hypothesis, the inexperienced group froze the DF at the end of learning, reducing the joint range of motion of the knee. Moderate and strong cross-correlations between joints did not change, demonstrating that the interjoint coordination was maintained. The inexperienced group’s movement pattern was similar to that of the group of experts, from the beginning of the learning process. Thus, even after years of practice, experts continue to explore the strategy of freezing DF. The DF freeing/freezing sequence strategy was explored during the learning process, suggesting that DF-freezing/freeing strategies are task dependent.

Guimarães, Dascal, and Okazaki are with Motor Neuroscience (NEMO), Laboratory of Research and Teaching in Biomechanics (LAPEB), State University of Londrina, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil. Ugrinowitsch is with the School of Physical Education, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Motor Learning and Development Group (GEDAM), Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Guimarães (guimaraes188@hotmail.com) is corresponding author.
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