Dominant and Nondominant Leg Kinematics During Kicking in Young Soccer Players: A Cross-Sectional Study

in Motor Control

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Francesco FrontaniSaint Camillus International University of Health Sciences, Rome, Italy

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Marco PrenassiDepartment of Engineering and Architecture, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy

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Viviana PaoliniDepartment of Engineering and Architecture, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy

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Giovanni FormicolaDepartment of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy

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Sara MarcegliaDepartment of Engineering and Architecture, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy

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Francesca PolicastroDepartment of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy

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The goal of the study is to analyze the kinematics and provide an EMG analysis of the support limb during an instep kick in adolescent players. We set a video camera, two torque transducers on the knee, and EMG sensors. A sample of 16 adolescent soccer players between 10 and 12 years old performed kicks. The kinematics shows a p = .039 on frontal plane (dominant 15.4 ± 1.8, nondominant 18.8 ± 1.7); the EMG analysis shows a p = .04 on muscular activation timing for the vastus medialis. A difference between the legs on the frontal plane emerges. Moreover, a huge difference on sagittal plane between the adolescent pattern and adult pattern exists (15° in adolescent population, 40° in adult population). The result shows a greater activation of the vastus medialis in the nondominant leg; probably, in this immature pattern, the adolescents use this muscle more than necessary.

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