Fractional Utilization of Maximal Aerobic Capacity in Children 6 to 8 Years of Age

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Gary S. Krahenbuhl
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Robert P. Pangrazi
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William J. Stone
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Don W. Morgan
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Tracy Williams
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Untrained 6- to 8-year-old children (N = 80) served as subjects in a cross sectional study of the fractional utilization of maximal aerobic power during submaximal running. Using the open-circuit method, the absolute oxygen demands of submaximal running were found to increase with age. When expressed relative to body weight, oxygen demands of submaximal running showed no statistically significant changes over the 3-year span. VO2max increased 36.2%, which was proportionally greater than the percentage increase for either body weight (28.4%) or the absolute oxygen demands of submaximal running (22.9%). Thus, during the span of years studied there was a significant reduction in the fractional utilization of maximal aerobic power required to run at a fixed submaximal speed.

The authors are with the Exercise and Sport Research Institute at Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287.

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