Relationships among Muscle Endurance, Explosiveness, and Strength in Circum-Pubertal Boys

in Pediatric Exercise Science
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We assess relationships among muscle endurance, strength, and explosiveness in forty-eight 9.6- to 17.0-year-old males divided into 3 maturational groups (Tanner Stages I, II-IV, and V). Peak torque during isometric knee extension and flexion was averaged to reflect strength. Mechanical power in the Sargent vertical jump was taken as explosiveness, and total work in the Wingate test reflected muscle endurance. Correlations (3 groups combined) among the variables, expressed in absolute terms, were r = .82 to .92, but only -.11 to .70 when expressed per body mass or lean thigh size. These correlations were distinctly lower in the Tanner V boys than in the 2 less-mature groups, which may suggest that specialization into discrete muscle performance characteristics does not occur before late puberty.

K. Suei, L. McGillis, R. Calvert, and O. Bar-Or are with the Children’s Exercise and Nutrition Center at McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

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