The Relationship of Goal Orientation and Perceived Ability to Enjoyment and Value in Youth Sport

in Pediatric Exercise Science

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Dawn E. Stephens
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The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of goal orientation and perceived ability on perceived enjoyment and value of playing soccer. Participants were 212 female soccer players (M age, 11.47 years) who were categorized according to one of four goal orientation profile groups. The largest difference between groups was found for valuing soccer between the high task-low ego group and the low task-high ego group, with those in the former group perceiving significantly more value in playing soccer. A median split procedure was then used to divide subjects into high and low perceived ability groups. Perceived ability was found to play a mediating role in the relationship between goal orientation profile and perceived enjoyment and value of playing soccer.

D.E. Stephens is with the Department of Sport, Health, Leisure, and Physical Studies at the University of Iowa, Iowa. City, IA 52242-1111.

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