The Physiological Effects of Swimming Competition on 16–17-Year-Old Elite Female Swimmers

in Pediatric Exercise Science
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The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a weekend of swimming competition on various physiological parameters in a group of elite female swimmers. Eight female swimmers (age, 16.6 ± 0.5 years) participated in this study. Resting blood lactate (Bla) and heart rate (HR) were taken at the beginning of each testing session. Testing involved a discontinuous incremental peak VO2 treadmill test during which on-line, measures of VO2 were obtained. HR and Bla measurements were taken at the end of each exercise increment. A 30-s leg Wingate test (WAnT) was used to measure anaerobic power. Paired t-tests were carried out on all data. Resting HR was significantly higher and submaximal and maximal HR were significantly lower comparing pre- and postcompetition (p < .005). Resting Bla and submaximal VO2 were significantly higher postcompetition (p < .005). The results suggest that swimming competition causes a number of the recognized symptoms related to excitatory (acute) overtraining

A.J. Griffin is with the Department of Movement Science and Physical Education at the University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 3BX, UK. V.B. Unnithan is with the Department of Exercise and Sport Science at the University of San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94117-1080. P. Ridges is with the Department of Orthoptics at the University of Liverpool.

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