Comparing Two Regression Formulas That Predict V̇O2peak Using the 20-M Shuttle Run for Children and Adolescents

in Pediatric Exercise Science
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Two regression equations were developed to predict cardiovascular fitness (CVF) based on the 20-m shuttle run test (20-MST) for nondisabled youth and for youth with mild mental retardation (MR). The purpose of this study was to compare the validity of both regression formulas to predict CVF in nondisabled, healthy youths (ages 8 to 15 yrs; 38 females and 13 males). Participants performed two modified Bruce protocol treadmill (TM) tests and two 20-MSTs on separate days. CVF (V̇O2peak, ml • kg−1 • min−1) was measured during the TM tests and computed for the 20-MST using both regression equations. Results indicate that test-retest correlations for the 20-MST (# of laps; r = 0.89) and TM test (V̇O2peak, ml • kg−1 • min−1; r = 0.86) were high. Predicted V̇O2peak values were moderately significant (nondisabled youth: r = 0.55, p < .01; youth with MR: r = 0.66, p < .01) when compared with TM V̇O2peak. Correlation between the two regression equations was significant (r = 0.78, p < .01).

K.H. Pitetti is with the Department of Public Health Sciences, College of Health Professions, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS; B. Fernhall is with the Department of Exercise Science, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY; and S. Figoni is with Children’s Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, MO.

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