Social-Psychological and Physical Environmental Factors in Groups Differing by Levels of Physical Activity: A Study of Scottish Adolescent Girls

in Pediatric Exercise Science
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Few studies have addressed factors influencing Scottish adolescent girls’ participation in physical activity (PA). Participants (N = 352) aged 11 to 16 years completed surveys measuring PA participation and potential social-psychological and physical-environmental correlates. Data were analyzed separately by two age groups (11-13 and 14-16 years). For younger girls, mother’s participation, perceived importance, and home equipment use were higher among those higher in PA. For older girls, perceived importance, home equipment use, neighborhood perceptions, and use and enjoyment of local facilities were higher among girls higher in PA. It seems that older girls place less importance on significant others and move toward autonomy away from the home.

The authors are with the Institute of Youth Sport, School of Sport & Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, UK.