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This study examined achievement goal orientation patterns and their impact on student motivation in physical education running programs. Participants included 533 fifth graders. They completed questionnaires assessing their achievement goal orientations, expectancy beliefs, task values, and intentions for future participation in running. They also completed a timed, 1-mile run. Data revealed 4 goal orientation patterns: low task/low ego, low task/high ego, high task/low ego, and high task/high ego. Students in the high-task/low-ego and high-task/high-ego groups demonstrated higher levels of motivation in running than those in the low-task/low-ego and low-task/high-ego groups.
Xiang, McBride, and Bruene are with the Dept. of Health and Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843. Liu is with the Dept. of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI 49008.