Exercise Training and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Type 1 Diabetic Adolescent Girls

Click name to view affiliation

Elsa Heyman
Search for other papers by Elsa Heyman in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Christelle Toutain
Search for other papers by Christelle Toutain in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Paul Delamarche
Search for other papers by Paul Delamarche in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Phanélie Berthon
Search for other papers by Phanélie Berthon in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
David Briard
Search for other papers by David Briard in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Hala Youssef
Search for other papers by Hala Youssef in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Marc DeKerdanet
Search for other papers by Marc DeKerdanet in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Arlette Gratas-Delamarche
Search for other papers by Arlette Gratas-Delamarche in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Sixteen postmenarcheal Type 1 diabetic adolescent girls were randomized into training (involving aerobic and strength exercises) and nontraining groups. Body composition (skinfold thickness), aerobic fitness (PWC170), plasma lipids, serum apolipoproteins, lipoprotein(a), leptin, and adiponectin were assessed before and after the 6-month period. After the 6-month period, fat mass and leptin increased significantly in the nontraining group but not in the training group. Conversely, in the latter group, fat-free mass increased (P < .01). Moreover, PWC170 improved and apolipoproteinB:apolipoproteinA-1 ratio decreased with physical training (P < .05). Thus, physical training reduces cardiovascular risks and the increase of insulin resistance risk factors in diabetic adolescent girls.

Heyman, Toutain, Delamarche, Barthon, Youssef, and Gratas-Delamarche are with the Exercise Physiology and Biomechanics Laboratory, Dept. of Athletics, University of Rennes 2, France. Heyman, Toutain, Briard, and DeKerdanet are with the Unit of Pediatric Endocrinology, University Hospital (CHU), Rennes, France.

  • Collapse
  • Expand