A Descriptive Study of Lower-Body Strength and Power in Overweight Adolescents

in Pediatric Exercise Science
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The primary purpose of this investigation was to provide a descriptive analysis of lower-body strength and vertical jump performance in overweight male (n = 8) and female (n = 13) adolescents. Maximal strength was tested in the leg press and isometric squat. Kinetic and kinematic variables were assessed in vertical jumps at various loads. When compared with females, males demonstrated significantly greater (p ≤ .05) absolute maximal strength in the leg press. However, when maximal strength was expressed relative to body mass, no significant difference was observed. There were no significant differences between males and females in vertical jump performance at body mass.

Nuzzo, Cavill, Triplett, and McBride are with the Neuromuscular Laboratory Dept. of Health, Leisure, and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC 28608.