Coaching Behaviors, Motivational Climate, and Psychosocial Outcomes among Female Adolescent Athletes

in Pediatric Exercise Science
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Based on Harter’s (12,13) competence motivation theory, this study examined the relationship of coaches’ performance feedback and motivational climate with female athletes’ perceived competence, enjoyment, and intrinsic motivation. Female adolescent soccer players (N = 141) completed measures of relevant constructs toward the latter part of their season. Canonical correlation analysis revealed that athletes’ perceptions of greater positive and informational feedback given by coaches in response to successful performance attempts, greater emphasis placed on a mastery climate, and less emphasis placed on a performance climate, were significantly related to greater ability perceptions, enjoyment, and intrinsic motivation. Exploratory analyses also showed that the relationship between feedback and the psychosocial outcomes may vary as a function of the perceived motivational climate. Overall, these results suggest that coaching feedback and motivational climate are important contributors to explaining adolescent females’ continued motivation to participate in sport.

Weiss is with the the School of Kinesiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Amorose is with the School of Kinesiology and Recreation, Illinois State University, Normal, IL. Wilko is from Westbury, NY.