Analyses of Gait and Jump Tasks in Female Obese Adolescents

in Pediatric Exercise Science
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In spite of the advances in knowledge on the multi–factorial nature of obesity, many questions related to the consequences of the disease continue to be unanswered. Several studies have reported biomechanic and kinematic adaptation and alterations in walking and in tasks of every day life, motivated by the additional load of fat mass in children and adults. The main objective of this study was to understand the effect of obesity in the electromyographic activity of four lower extremity muscles during three speeds of walking and during a countermovement jump (CMJ) in twenty two (9 obese and 13 normal weight) female adolescents aged 13. Although electromyographic differences were not observed between groups for normal, slow and fast speeds, data suggests that the preferred pace of the obese is less efficient than that of the normal weight group. In CMJ task, differences in the after–fall jump phase were observed. More studies are needed to explain if the few differences observed between groups are caused by the bigger amount of fat mass.

Carvalho and Teixeira are with the Center of Biokinetic Studies, Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal. Figueira Martins is with the Centre for Molecular and Structural Biomedicine, Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, University of Algarve, Algarve, Portugal.