A Test to Assess Aerobic and Anaerobic Parameters During Maximal Exercise in Young Girls

in Pediatric Exercise Science
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The Wingate cycle test (WAnT) is a 30-s test commonly used to estimate anaerobic work capacity (AWC). However, the test may be too short to fully deplete anaerobic energy reserves. We hypothesized that a 90-s all-out isokinetic test (ISO_90) would be valid to assess both aerobic and anaerobic capacities in young females. Eight girls (11.9 ± 0.5 y) performed an exhaustive incremental test, a WAnT and an ISO_90. Peak VO2 attained during the ISO_90 was significantly greater than VO2peak. Mean power, end power, fatigue index, total work done and AWC were not significantly different between the WAnT and after 30 s of the 90-s test (i.e., ISO_30). However, 95% limits of agreement showed large variations between the two tests when comparing all anaerobic parameters. It is concluded that an ISO-90 may be a useful test to assess aerobic capacity in young girls. However, since the anaerobic parameters derived from the ISO_30 did not agree with those derived from a traditional WAnT, the validity of using an ISO_90 to assess anaerobic performance and capacity within this population group remains unconfirmed.

McGawley is with the Swedish Winter Sports Research Centre, Dept. of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden. Dekerle and Carter are with Chelsea School Research Centre, University of Brighton, Eastbourne, UK. Leclair is with the Laboratory of Human Movement Studies, Faculty of Sports Sciences and Physical Education, University of Lille, Ronchin, France. Williams is with Children’s Health and Exercise Research Centre, Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.