Pseudonephritis is Associated With High Urinary Osmolality and High Specific Gravity in Adolescent Soccer Players

in Pediatric Exercise Science
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  • 1 Ghent University Hospital
  • | 2 Club Brugge K.V.
  • | 3 AZ Sint-Jan Brugge Hospital
  • | 4 Ghent University Hospital
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The study aimed to evaluate the effect of exercise on urine sediment in adolescent soccer players. In 25 15-year-old (range 14.4–15.8 yrs) athletes, urinary protein, osmolality and cytology were analyzed by flow cytometry and automated dipstick analysis before (T0), during (T1), and after a match (T2). All athletes had normal urine analysis and blood pressure at rest, tested before the start of the soccer season. Fifty-eight samples were collected (T0: 20, T1: 17, T2: 21). Proteinuria was present in 20 of 38 samples collected after exercise. Proteinuria was associated with increased urinary osmolality (p < .001) and specific gravity (p < .001). Hyaline and granular casts were present in respectively 8 of 38 and 8 of 38 of the urinary samples after exercise. The presence of casts was associated with urine protein concentration, osmolality, and specific gravity. This was also the case for hematuria (25 of 38) and leucocyturia (9 of 38). Squamous epithelial cells were excreted in equal amounts to white and red blood cells. A notable proportion of adolescent athletes developed sediment abnormalities, which were associated with urinary osmolality and specific gravity.

S. Van Biervliet is with the Pediatric Gastro-enterology and Nutrition Dept., and Vande Walle the Dept. of Pediatric Nephrology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium. J.P. Van Biervliet and Watteyne are with Club Youth Academy R.F., Club Brugge K.V. Bruges, Belgium. Langlois and Bernard are with the Dept. of Clinical Chemistry, AZ Sint-Jan Brugge Hospital.