Age Related Differences in the Validity of the OMNI Perceived Exertion Scale During Lifestyle Activities

in Pediatric Exercise Science
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  • 1 Eastern Oregon University
  • 2 Michigan State University
  • 3 University of Queensland
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The OMNI perceived exertion scale was developed for children to report perceived effort while performing physical activity; however no studies have formally examined age-related differences in validity. This study evaluated the validity of the OMNI-RPE in 4 age groups performing a range of lifestyle activities.


206 participants were stratified into four age groups: 6-8 years (n = 42), 9-10 years (n = 46), 11-12 years (n = 47), and 13-15 years (n = 71). Heart rate and VO2 were measured during 11 activity trials ranging in intensity from sedentary to vigorous. After each trial, participants reported effort from the OMNI walk/run scale. Concurrent validity was assessed by calculating within-subject correlations between OMNI ratings and the two physiological indices.


The average correlation between OMNI ratings and VO2 was 0.67, 0.77, 0.85, and 0.87 for the 6-8, 9-10, 11-12 and 13-15 y age groups, respectively.


The OMNI RPE scale demonstrated fair to good evidence of validity across a range of lifestyle activities among 6- to 15-year-old children. The validity of the scale appears to be developmentally related with RPE reports closely reflecting physiological responses among children older than 8 years.

Rice is with the Dept. of Physical Activity and Health, Eastern Oregon University, La Grande, OR. Gammon and Pfieffer are with the Dept. of Kinesiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI. Trost was with the University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia at the time of the research and is now with the School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Queensland University of Technology.

Address author correspondence to Kelly Rice at