Aerobic Training Increases Expression Levels of SIRT3 and PGC-1α in Skeletal Muscle of Overweight Adolescents Without Change in Caloric Intake

in Pediatric Exercise Science
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  • 1 Universidad de Guanajuato
  • 2 Florida State University
  • 3 Hospital General Regional
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Sirtuin 3 enzyme (SIRT3) is involved in the regulation of mitochondrial energy homeostasis by activating Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator (PGC-1α). Murine models have shown that the protein SIRT3 was modified by exercise and diet, however, the effect of exercise without diet in humans has not been examined. Propose of this paper was to analyze the effect of aerobic training on SIRT3 and PGC-1α in skeletal muscle of overweight adolescents without change in caloric intake. Fourteen overweight or obese male adolescents (15.5 ± 0.8 years) trained 3 days-week/50 min x session, at 70-80% of maximal heart rate for 12 weeks. Anthropometrics and skeletal muscle biopsies from the vastus lateralis were taken before and after the exercise program to measure adiposity, SIRT3, and PGC-1α proteins. Peak aerobic capacity (VO2peak) was estimated before and after training. The participants did not change their eating habits during the intervention. SIRT3 (1.05 ± 0.11 vs. 1.25 ± 0.14 AU, p = .014) and PGC-1a (1.06 ± 0.15 Vs 1.39 ± 0.20 AU, p = .009) increased. Fat percentage and waist circumference decreased (p < .05). VO2peak increased after training (p < .001). There was a significant association between SIRT3 and PGC-1α after training program. These data suggest that aerobic training increased SIRT3 and PGC-1a expression levels in sedentary, overweight, or obese adolescents.

Vargas-Ortiz, Perez-Vazquez, Jiménez-Flores, and Macias are with the Dept. of Medical Sciences, Universidad de Guanajuato, Leon, Guanajuato, Mexico. Figueroa is with the Dept. of Nutrition, Food and Exercise Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL. Rodriguez-DelaRosa is with the Surgery Dept., Hospital General Regional, Leon, Guanajuato, Mexico.

Address author correspondence to Maciste H. Macias at macistehabacuc@yahoo.com.mx.