The Effects of 8-Week Plyometric Training on Physical Performance in Young Tennis Players

in Pediatric Exercise Science

Click name to view affiliation

Jaime Fernandez-FernandezMiguel Hernandez University

Search for other papers by Jaime Fernandez-Fernandez in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Eduardo Sáez De VillarrealUniversity of Pablo de Olavide

Search for other papers by Eduardo Sáez De Villarreal in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
David Sanz-RivasSpanish Tennis Federation (RFET)

Search for other papers by David Sanz-Rivas in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Manuel MoyaMiguel Hernandez University

Search for other papers by Manuel Moya in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Objectives:

The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of an 8-week (conducted biweekly for a total of 16 sessions) plyometric training program (PT) (e.g., upper- and lower-body exercises) combined with regular tennis training on physical qualities in young tennis players.

Design:

Sixty tennis players between the ages of 12 and 13 years (age 12.5 ± 0.3 years, weight 44.2 ± 7.0 kg, height 156.6 ± 7.1 cm) were allocated to either the control group (standard in-season regimen) (CG; n = 30) or the experimental group, which received an additional PT (TG; n = 30) for 30–60 min as a substitute for some tennis training within the usual 90-min practice.

Methods:

Pre- and posttests included: anthropometric measures; vertical countermovement jump (CMJ); standing long jump (SLJ); 20 m sprint time (with 5 and 10 m splits); a modified 505 agility test; overhead medicine ball throw; and serve velocity test.

Results:

After the training intervention, the TG showed significant (p < .01) improvements in all the parameters analyzed, with percentages of change and effect sizes ranging from 3.1% to 10.1% and 0.4 (small) to 1.3 (moderate), respectively. No significant changes were observed in the CG after the training intervention.

Conclusions:

PT was shown as an important stimulus for enhancing explosive actions in young tennis players.

Fernandez-Fernandez and Moya are with the Sports Research Centre, Miguel Hernandez University, Elche, Spain. De Villarreal is with the Faculty of Sport, University of Pablo de Olavide, Seville, Spain. Sanz-Rivas is with the Spanish Tennis Federation (RFET), Madrid, Spain.

Address author correspondence to Jaime Fernandez-Fernandez at jaime.fernandez@umh.es.
  • Collapse
  • Expand