Development of an Electronic Version of The Children’s Self-Perceptions of Adequacy in and Predilection for Physical Activity (CSAPPA) Scale

in Pediatric Exercise Science
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To develop an electronic version of the Children’s Self-Perceptions of Adequacy in and Predilection for Physical Activity (eCSAPPA), which would allow individual administration to children younger than nine years of age.


Fifty-four, four—nine-year-old children completed the eCSAPPA and the Test of Gross Motor Development-2 (TGMD-2). Parental measures of physical activity, and body mass index were obtained. Twenty-one participants additionally completed the paper version of the CSAPPA.


All children successfully completed the eCSAPPA with interclass correlation coefficients of .76 for Adequacy and .86 for Total Score. Correlations and linear predictive equations for eCSAPPA revealed the TGMD-2’s Locomotor subtest, age, and parent’s activity rating explained 28–30% of the variability in Total and Adequacy eCSAPPA scores. Predilection and Enjoyment of Physical Education (PE) scores were less stable, with the TGMD-2’s Locomotor subtest and age predicting 17% of the Predilection score and the TGMD-2’s Object Control subtest demonstrating 17% of Enjoyment of PE.


Children ages four-nine years can feasibly complete the electronic version of the CSAPPA and results hint that self-efficacy may be more plastic in younger children. The eCSAPPA is a promising instrument allowing the exploration of young children’s development of adequacy and predilection toward physical activity as well as enjoyment of PE.

Grant-Beuttler is with the Crean College of Health and Behavioral Sciences, Harry and Dianne Rinker Health Science Campus, Chapman University, Orange, CA.

Address author correspondence to John Hay at