Cardiovascular Physiology and Disease in Youth—The Year That Was 2017

in Pediatric Exercise Science
View More View Less
  • 1 Skidmore College
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $24.95

Student 1 year online subscription

USD  $69.00

1 year online subscription

USD  $92.00

Student 2 year online subscription

USD  $131.00

2 year online subscription

USD  $175.00

The value of exercise studies in children often resides in defining differences, which might make growing youngsters unique from their mature adult counterparts. Many such physiological and behavioral developmental differences have been identified, emphasizing that children are not, physiologically speaking, simply small adults. The following 2 studies published in the past year were chosen for their importance in contributing to the insights into previously unexplored areas. The first study addresses the influence of exercise on physiological variability, an emerging field that offers to provide important insights into the nature of such responses. The second study concerns the effects of altitude on physiological responses to exercise, an area of considerable importance for the health and physical performance of pediatric athletes, climbers, and residents at high altitude. These studies exemplify the genre of investigations that are essential for advancing our understanding of the link between exercise with physical performance and the well-being of growing children and adolescents.

Rowland is with the Dept. of Health and Human Physiological Sciences, Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, NY.

Address correspondence to Thomas Rowland at rowlandthomas0@gmail.com.
  • 1.

    Goldberger AL, Amaral LA, Hausdorff JM, Ivanov PC, Peng CK, Stanley HE. Fractal dynamics in physiology: alterations with disease and aging. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002;99 Suppl 1:246672. doi:10.1073/pnas.012579499

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Heffernan KS, Sosnoff JJ, Fahs CA, Shinsako KK, Jae SY, Fernhall B. Fractal scaling properties of heart rate dynamics following resistance exercise training. J Appl Physiol. 2008;105:10913. PubMed doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00150.2008

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3.

    Karavirta L, Tulppo B, Laaksonen DE, et al. Heart rate dynamics after combined endurance and strength training in older men. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009;41:143643. PubMed doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181994a91

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4.

    Kohler M, Kriemler S, Wilhelm EM, Brunner-La Rocco H, Zehnder M, Bloch KE. Children at high altitude have less nocturnal periodic breathing than adults. Eur Respir J. 2008;32:18997. doi:10.1183/09031936.00119807

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Kriemler S, Radke T, Burgi F, Lambrecht J, Zehnder M, Brunner-La Rocca HP. Short-term cardiorespiratory adaptation to high altitude in children compared to adults. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2016;26:14755. PubMed doi:10.1111/sms.12422

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Marconi C, Cerretelli P. Altitude physiology: the impact of hypoxia on human performance. In: Taylor NAS, Groeller H, editors. Physiological Bases of Human Performance During Work and Exercise. Edinburgh, Scotland: Churchill Livingstone; 2008, pp. 43357.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    Seely AJE, Macklem PT. Complex systems and the technology of variability analysis. Crit Care. 2004;8:36784. PubMed doi:10.1186/cc2948

  • 8.

    West BJ. Where Medicine Went Wrong: Rediscovering the Path to Complexity. Singapore: World Scientific; 2006.

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 144 96 5
Full Text Views 7 6 0
PDF Downloads 4 4 0