Relationships Between Training Load, Sleep Duration, and Daily Well-Being and Recovery Measures in Youth Athletes

in Pediatric Exercise Science
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  • 1 Leeds Beckett University
  • 2 Leeds Beckett University, Queen Ethelburga’s Collegiate, Yorkshire Carnegie Rugby Club
  • 3 Leeds Beckett University, Yorkshire Carnegie Rugby Club
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Purpose: To assess the relationships between training load, sleep duration, and 3 daily well-being, recovery, and fatigue measures in youth athletes. Methods: Fifty-two youth athletes completed 3 maximal countermovement jumps (CMJs), a daily well-being questionnaire (DWB), the perceived recovery status scale (PRS), and provided details on their previous day’s training loads (training) and self-reported sleep duration (sleep) on 4 weekdays over a 7-week period. Partial correlations, linear mixed models, and magnitude-based inferences were used to assess the relationships between the predictor variables (training and sleep) and the dependent variables (CMJ, DWB, and PRS). Results: There was no relationship between CMJ and training (r = −.09; ±.06) or sleep (r = .01; ±.06). The DWB was correlated with sleep (r = .28; ±.05, small), but not training (r = −.05; ±.06). The PRS was correlated with training (r = −.23; ±.05, small), but not sleep (r = .12; ±.06). The DWB was sensitive to low sleep (d = −0.33; ±0.11) relative to moderate; PRS was sensitive to high (d = −0.36; ±0.11) and low (d = 0.29; ±0.17) training relative to moderate. Conclusions: The PRS is a simple tool to monitor the training response, but DWB may provide a greater understanding of the athlete’s overall well-being. The CMJ was not associated with the training or sleep response in this population.

Sawczuk, Jones, Scantlebury, and Till are with the Institute for Sport, Physical Activity & Leisure, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, United Kingdom. Sawczuk, Jones, and Scantlebury are also with the Queen Ethelburga’s Collegiate, Thorpe Underwood, York, United Kingdom. Jones and Till are also with the Yorkshire Carnegie Rugby Club, Headingley Carnegie Stadium, Leeds, United Kingdom. Jones is also with The Rugby Football League, Red Hall, Leeds, United Kingdom. Till is also with the Leeds Rhinos Rugby Club, Headingley Carnegie Stadium, Leeds, United Kingdom.

Address author correspondence to Thomas Sawczuk at t.sawczuk@leedsbeckett.ac.uk.
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