Wnt Signaling–Related Osteokines at Rest and Following Plyometric Exercise in Prepubertal and Early Pubertal Boys and Girls

in Pediatric Exercise Science
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Purpose: This study examined osteokines related to Wnt signaling at rest and in response to plyometric exercise in 12 boys [10.2 (0.4) y] and 12 girls [10.5 (0.4) y]. Methods: One resting (preexercise) and 3 postexercise (5 min, 1 h, and 24 h) blood samples were analyzed for sclerostin, dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK-1), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-β ligand (RANKL). Results: Girls had higher resting sclerostin than boys [187.1 (40.1) vs 150.4 (36.4) pg·mL−1, respectively; P = .02]. However, boys had higher DKK-1 [427.7 (142.3) vs 292.8 (48.0) pg·mL−1, respectively; P = .02] and RANKL [3.9 (3.8) vs 1.0 (0.4) pg·mL−1, respectively; P < .01] than girls. In girls, sclerostin significantly decreased 5-minute and 1-hour postexercise (χ2 = 12.7, P = .01), and RANKL significantly decreased 5-minute postexercise (χ2 = 19.1, P < .01) and continued to decrease up to 24-hour postexercise, with large effect sizes. In boys, DKK-1 significantly decreased 1-hour postexercise and remained lower than preexercise 24-hour postexercise (χ2 = 13.0, P = .01). OPG increased in both boys (χ2 = 13.7, P < .01) and girls (χ2 = 11.4, P = .01), with boys having significantly higher OPG at 5-minute and 1-hour postexercise, whereas in girls, this increase was only seen 24-hour postexercise. Conclusion: Plyometric exercise induces an overall anabolic osteokine response favoring osteoblastogenesis over osteoclastogenesis in both boys and girls although the timeline and mechanism(s) may be different.

Klentrou, Angrish, Awadia, Kurgan, Kouvelioti, and Falk are with the Dept. of Kinesiology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Brock University, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada.

Address author correspondence to Panagiota Klentrou at nklentrou@brocku.ca.
Pediatric Exercise Science
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