Physical Self-Perceptions of High School Athletes

in Pediatric Exercise Science
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The Physical Self-Perception Profile (3) assesses perceptions of sport competence, physical conditioning, strength, and body attractiveness. Originally validated with college students, the profile has subsequently been adapted for use with younger children (13) and older adults (2) but not with teenage or athletic populations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factor validity of the children’s version of the Physical Self-Perception Profile (C-PSPP) for high school athletes (N = 542). The C-PSPP was given to athletes (both boys and girls) from a variety of competitive sports. The internal reliability of the subscales was good for both sexes (alphas = .73 to .83), with the exception of the Sport scale for the males (alpha = .64). A clear four-factor structure was evident, though cross loadings existed for males on the Sport scale. Results indicate that teenage athletes have strong physical self-perceptions compared to other populations, particularly regarding skill performance and conditioning.

Gregory J. Welk is with the Department of HPERD at Eastern Michigan University, 235 Warner Building, Ypsilanti, MI 48197. Charles B. Corbin is with the Department of Exercise Science and Physical Education at Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 852870701. Lisa A. Lewis is with the Center for Sports Medicine and Orthopedics, 4220 N. 19th Ave., Phoenix, AZ 85015.

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