Gender Differences in Fundamental Movement Patterns, Motor Performances, and Strength Measurements of Prepubertal Children

in Pediatric Exercise Science
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The purpose of this investigation was to examine the gender differences in kinematics of running at maximal speed and overhand throwing, motor performances, and muscle strength in prepubertal children. Sixty 8-year-old children (33 boys and 27 girls) participated in this study. There were no sex differences with respect to the running kinematics, but in overhand throwing kinematics, motor performances, and muscle strength the boys surpassed the girls significantly (p < .05). However, in sit and reach and balance the girls surpassed the boys. Nonsignificant correlations (r = .20–.40) were found between the majority of variables. These results indicate gender differences in overhand throwing kinematics, motor performances, and muscle strength in prepubertal children.

Lennart Raudsepp and Mati Pääsuke are with the University of Tartu, 18. Ülikooli Street, Tartu, EE 2400, Estonia.

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