The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among anabolic-androgenic steroid use and other drug use, strength training, sports participation, and school performance of high school students. Among males not participating in school sports, 37% of the variation in anabolic steroid use was accounted for by frequency of cocaine use, injected drug use, other drug use, and engaging in strength training. Injection drug use and poly-drug use accounted for 22.1% of the variation in the frequency of anabolic-steroid use among males participating in school sports, 29.1% of the variation among females participating in school sports, and 63.3% of the variation among females not participating in school sports.
R.H. DuRant is with the Department of Pediatrics, Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC 27156. A.B. Middleman, S.J. Emans, and E.R. Woods are with the Division of Adolescent/Young Adult Medicine, Children’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115. A.H. Faulkner is with the School of Public Health at Boston University, Boston, MA 02215.