Archival Research in Sport Management: A Review for Research Methods Courses

Click name to view affiliation

Tiffany Demiris St. Bonaventure University, St. Bonaventure, NY, USA

Search for other papers by Tiffany Demiris in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
and
Chad Seifried Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA

Search for other papers by Chad Seifried in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2882-9702 *
Restricted access

The present study aimed to explain archival research and demonstrate its relevance as a distinct research method to include in sport management research methods course instruction. The current essay implicitly shows how archival research can complement other research methods and possibly improve upon their limitations. Furthermore, the study demonstrates that training in archival research can offer skills to students who might pursue employment in the sport industry. The review outlines what archival research is. Next, the various limitations and considerations to aid course instructors and subsequently researcher or practitioner comprehension are provided. Finally, the paper offers a guide for approaching physical archives and outlines expectations for archival research. Techniques necessary for analyzing information gleaned from archival research are presented and explained along with sample course assignments that are available to not only research methods classes but also potentially other coursework.

Seifried (cseifried@lsu.edu) is corresponding author, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2882-9702

  • Collapse
  • Expand
  • Andrew, D.P., Pedersen, P.M., & McEvoy, C.D. (2019). Research methods and design in sport management. Human Kinetics.

  • Archival Research. (2022, January 4). Archival research: The research process. Research Guides. https://libguides.gc.cuny.edu/archivalresearch/research-process

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Augustin, G.M., & Ali, E. (2020). A comparison of students’ perceptions on research methods pedagogy in social-work and sport management courses. European Scientific Journal, 16(13), 2442.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Baka, V. (2015). Understanding valuing devices in tourism through “place-making.” Valuation Studies, 3(2), 149180.

  • Booth, D. (2006). Sites of truth or metaphors of power? Refiguring the archive. Sport in History, 26(1), 91109.

  • Carroll, G.R., & Hannan, M.T. (2000). The demography of corporations and industries. Princeton University Press.

  • Carson, J.A., Petrella, J.K., Yingling, V., Marshall, M.R., Jenny, O., & Sherwood, J.J. (2018). Undergraduate research in kinesiology: Examples to enhance student outcomes. Kinesiology Review, 7(4), 305313.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cuneen, J., & Tobar, D. (2017). Sport industry research and analysis: An approach to informed decision making. Routledge.

  • Das, R., Jain, K.K., & Mishra, S.K. (2018). Archival research: A neglected method in organization studies. Benchmarking: An International Journal, 25(1), 138155.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Decker, S. (2013). The silence of the archives: Business history, post-colonialism and archival ethnography. Management & Organizational History, 8(2), 155173.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Decker, S., Hassard, J., & Rowlinson, M. (2021). Rethinking history and memory in organizational studies: The case for historiographic reflexivity. Human Relations, 74(8), 11231155.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Demiris, T., & Seifried, C.S. (2022). What to know about building theory with archival research: Modes and epistemological orientations. International Journal of Sport Management, 23, 191200.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • de Wilde, A., & Seifried, C.S. (2012). An analysis of research methods in leading sport management journals: The absence of historical methods in sport management. International Journal of Sport Management, 13, 186202.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • de Wilde, A., & Seifried, C.S. (2018). Sport history and sport management in the United States: Opportunities and challenges. Journal of Sport History, 45(1), 6686.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Finding Aid Type. (2016, August 15). National archives. https://www.archives.gov/research/catalog/lcdrg/elements/findingtype.html

  • Heng, Y.T., Wagner, D.T., Barnes, C.M., & Guarana, C.L. (2018). Archival research: Expanding the methodological toolkit in social psychology. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 78, 1422.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Johnes, M. (2007). Archives, truths and the historian at work: A reply to Douglas Booth’s “Refiguring the archive.” Sport in History, 27(1), 127135.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Johnston, D., Rockhill, C., & Pastore, D. (2021). The effectiveness of podcasts in sport management education part two: A qualitative analysis. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education, 29, Article 100338.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jones, I. (2015). Research methods for sport management. Taylor & Francis.

  • Jones, I. (2022). Research methods for sports studies (4th ed.). Routledge.

  • Kipping, M., Wadhwani, R.D., & Bucheli, M. (2014). Analyzing and interpreting historical sources: A basic methodology. In M. Bucheli & R.D. Wadhwani (Eds.), Organizations in time: History, theory, methods (pp. 305329). Oxford University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • L’Eplattenier, B.E. (2009). An argument for archival research methods: Thinking beyond methodology. College English, 72(1), 6779. https://www.jstor.org/stable/25653008

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lipartito, K. (2014). Historical sources and data. In M. Bucheli & R.D. Wadhwani (Eds.), Organizations in time: History, theory, methods (pp. 284304). Oxford University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lorenz, C. (2011). History and theory. In A. Schneider & D. Woolf (Eds.), The Oxford history of historical writing (Vol. 5: Historical Writing Since 1945, pp. 1335). Oxford University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lynch, M.R., Lower-Hoppe, L.M., Brgoch, S.M., Evans, J.O., Bailey, R.L., Beattie, M., Samad, M., & Ryder, A. (2022). Implementation and evaluation of mock trial within undergraduate sport law curriculum. Sport Management Education Journal, 16(2), 130141.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MacNeil, H. (2017). Deciphering and interpreting an archival fonds and its parts. In A.J. Gilland, S. McKemmish, & A.J. Lau (Eds.), Research in the archival multiverse (pp. 161197). Monash University Publishing.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McDowell, M.L., & Skillen, F. (2016). The rewards and risks of historical events studies research. In I.R. Lemond & L. Platt (Eds.), Critical event studies: Approaches to research (pp. 87107). Palgrave Macmillan.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McDowell, W.H. (2002). Historical research: A guide. Longman.

  • Merhi, M.I. (2015). Factors influencing higher education students to adopt podcast: An empirical study. Computers & Education, 83, 3243.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mills, A., & Mills, J. (Eds.). (2019). Archival research. In The Sage handbook of qualitative business and management research methods (pp. 3245). Sage Publications Ltd.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mills, A., & Novicevic, M.M. (2020). Management and organizational history. Routledge.

  • Mohr, J.W. (1998). Measuring meaning structures. Annual Review of Sociology, 24(1), 345370.

  • Morris, S., Mykytiuk, L., & Weiner, S. (2014). Archival literacy for history students: Identifying faculty expectations of archival research skills. The American Archivist, 77(2), 394424.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Moss, M. (2009). Archival research in organizations in the digital age. In D.A. Buchanan & A. Bryman (Eds.), The Sage handbook of organizational research methods (pp. 395408). Sage Publications Ltd.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nite, C., & Bopp, T. (2015). Conflicting prescriptions for ‘ethical’ leadership in complex institutions: Perspectives from U. S. collegiate athletic administrators. Leadership, 13(3), 368387.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nite, C., & Singer, J.N. (2013). An examination of sport management doctoral programme research requirements. Educate, 13(2), 2435.

  • Perks, R., & Thomson, A. (2016). The oral history reader. Routledge

  • Pfleegor, A.G., & Seifried, C.S. (2012). Is building new the only option: A teaching approach to study the conservation of sport venues. Sport Management Education Journal, 6(1), 3242.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pitts, B.G., Li, M., & Kim, A. (2018). Research methods in sport management. FiT Publishing.

  • Polley, M. (2006). Sports history: A practical guide. Bloomsbury Publishing.

  • Queiros, A., Faria, D., & Almeida, F. (2017). Strengths and limitations of qualitative and quantitative research methods. European Journal of Education Studies, 3(9), 369387.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rockhill, C., Pastore, D., & Johnson, D. (2019). The effectiveness of podcasts in sport management education. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education, 25, Article 100211.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rowlinson, M. (2004). Historical analysis of company documents. In C. Cassell & G. Symon (Eds.), Essential guide to qualitative methods in organizational research (pp. 301312). Sage Publications Ltd.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rowlinson, M., Hassard, J., & Decker, S. (2014). Research strategies for organizational history: A dialogue between historical theory and organizational theory. Academy of Management Review, 39(3), 250274.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schwarzkopf, S. (2013). Why business historians need a constructive theory of the archive. MPRA Paper No. 46650, Department of Management, Politics and Philosophy, Copenhagen Business School. https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/46650/

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Seifried, C.S. (2010). A review of historical methods for sport management: How studying history benefits sport management. International Journal of Sport Management, 11, 581601.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Seifried, C.S. (2012). The historic structure report: A tool for the renovation, reconstruction, restoration, and rehabilitation of sport facilities. Journal of Venue and Event Management, 4(1), 1428.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Seifried, C.S. (2017). Peer reviewing historical research for sport management: It’s not qualitative research! International Journal of Sport Management, 18, 461487.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Seifried, C.S., Demiris, T.E., & Petersen, J. (2021). Baylor University’s football stadia: Life before McLane Stadium. Sport History Review, 52(1), 7089.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Seifried, C.S., & Katz, M. (2015). The United Stated armed forces and their “bowl” games from 1942 to 1967: An example of organizational innovation in action. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 22(2), 231247.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Skinner, J., Edwards, A., & Corbett, B. (2014). Research methods for sport management. Routledge.

  • Sterling, J.J., Phillips, M.G., & McDonald, M.G. (2017). Doing sport history in the digital present. Journal of Sport History, 44(2), 135145.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Taylor, B. (2013). Historical re-enactment as an avenue for teaching adults history. International Journal of Arts and Commerce, 2, 151155.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • The Trustees of Princeton University. (2022). Access & use. Princeton University Libraries. https://findingaids.princeton.edu/catalog/AC195#access

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Trouillot, M.-R. (1995). Silencing the past: Power and the production of history. Beacon Press.

  • Tyson, T.N., & Oldroyd, D. (2017). The debate between postmodernism and historiography. Accounting History, 22(1), 2943.

  • University of Massachusetts Amherst. (2021). The McCormack legacy. Isenberg School of Management. https://www.isenberg.umass.edu/centers/mccormack-center-for-sport-research-and-education/about-mccormack

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Veal, A.J., & Darcy, S. (2014). Research methods in sport studies and sport management: A practical guide. Routledge.

  • Velte, P. (2021). Determinants and consequences of corporate social responsibility assurance: A systematic review of archival research. Society and Business Review, 16(1), 125.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ventresca, M., & Mohr, J.W. (2017). Archival research methods. In J.A.C. Baum (Ed.), Companion to organizations (pp. 805828). Blackwell Publishers Ltd.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vuleta, B. (2021, January 28). How much data is created every day? Seed Scientific. https://seedscientific.com/how-much-data-is-created-every-day

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Walker, K.B., Seifried, C.S., & Soebbing, B.P. (2018). The National Collegiate Athletic Association as a social control agent: Addressing misconduct through organizational layering. Journal of Sport Management, 32(1), 5371.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Washington, M., & Ventresca, M. (2008). Institutional contradictions and struggles in the formation of U.S. collegiate basketball, 1880–1938. Journal of Sport Management, 22(1), 3049.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Yates, J. (2014). Understanding historical methods in organizational studies. In M. Bucheli & R.D. Wadwhani (Eds.), Organizations in time (pp. 264283). Oxford University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 1101 814 72
Full Text Views 139 130 20
PDF Downloads 38 28 5