Environmental Behavior Frameworks of Sport and Recreation Undergraduate Students

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Jonathan M. Casper North Carolina State University

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Michael E. Pfahl Ohio University

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This study examined the values, beliefs, and norms of undergraduate sport management and recreation administration student’s related to environmental awareness and personal actions utilizing Stern’s (2000) value-belief-norm (VBN) framework. Students (N = 341) in sport-related programs at two universities completed the survey. Structural equation modeling found the VBN framework explained both personal and organizational environmental behavior. Values were a significant predictor of environmental beliefs. Beliefs significantly explained personal norms, but not behavior. Personal norms were the strongest indicator for proenvironmental action and predicted personal and organizational conservation behavior equally. This study extends research related to environmental behavior and provides a departure point to improve understandings of the current foundational environmental perspectives held by future sport and recreation managers.

Casper is with the Dept. of Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC. Pfahl is with the Dept. of Sports Administration, Ohio University, Athens, OH.

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