The increase of women workers in industry during World War II coincided with an increase in sport participation and competition. From 1943 to 1954, the All American Girls Professional Baseball League (AAGPBL) allowed talented women athletes a chance to play professional baseball. The purpose of this study was to examine the nature of women’s professional baseball and its connection with the social, cultural, and economic roles for women in society. An open-ended questionnaire allowed former players to respond to the social and cultural forces that impacted on women in society and sport during this era. The players of the AAGPBL were respected and admired professional women athletes in a male-dominated sport.
Karen H. Weiller is with the Department of Kinesiology, Health Promotion and Recreation, University of North Texas, Box 13857, Denton, TX 76203. Catriona T. Higgs is with the Department of Physical Education, Slippery Rock University, Slippery Rock, PA 16057.