In the last decade in France, the sport supply has changed due to a diversified demand. To understand this supply system, strategic analysis is used. Such an analysis allows characterization of the French sport system and identification of the transformations caused by social, cultural, economic, and political changes. This article provides evidence about the construction of a “mixed” national system linking sport federations to the state and, up to the 1980s, favoring high-performance sport. Evidence is also provided that since the 1980s, a system that takes into account economic profitability as well as individual needs has responded to diversified objectives. Local political administrations have thus played a preponderant role in sport policy, but the commercialization of sport has also competed with public politics.
Pierre Chifflet is with the UFR de Sciences du Sport, Université Joseph-Fourier, B.P. 53, 38043 Grenoble Cedex 9, France.