Disability Management among Women with Physical Impairments: The Contribution of Physical Activity

in Sociology of Sport Journal
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  • 1 California State University, Long Beach
  • | 2 Saddleback College
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The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the ways women with physical disabilities shape their identities and manage (i.e., cope or come to terms with) their disabilities while living in an able-bodyist culture. Particular emphasis was placed on how these women, all of whom were participating in sport or exercise, used physical activity in the management process. In-depth interviews were conducted with 34 women who had physical mobility disabilities. Findings indicated three different approaches to managing disability via physical activity: (a) management by minimizing the significance of the body, (b) management by normalization of the body, and (c) management by optimizing mind-body functioning. They also indicated that having a disability does not preclude positive physical and global self-perceptions. The implications of these findings for sport and society are discussed.

S.R. Guthrie is with the Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education at California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA 90840. Shirley Castelnuovo is with the Departments of Political Science and Women’s Studies at Saddleback College, Mission Viejo, CA 92692.

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