Racial Differences in Occupational Turnover Intent among NCAA Division IA Assistant Football Coaches

in Sociology of Sport Journal

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George B. Cunningham
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Michael Sagas
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Whereas previous research has demonstrated racial differences in occupational turnover intent, why such differences exist remains unclear. Therefore, the purpose of this Research Note was to examine perceived opportunity, career satisfaction, and occupational turnover intent of racial-minority and White NCAA Division I-A assistant football coaches (N = 382). Multivariate analysis of variance indicated that racial minorities perceived less career-related opportunity, were less satisfied with their careers, and had greater occupational turnover intentions than their White counterparts. Structural equation modeling indicated that career satisfaction fully mediated the relationship between perceived opportunity and occupational turnover intent. Results highlight the need for a change in the organizational culture of intercollegiate athletic departments such that diversity is valued and embraced.

Cunningham and Sagas are with the Department of Health and Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, TAMU 4243, College Station, TX 77843-4243.

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