Ecological Modernization and the Olympics: The Case of Golf and Rio’s “Green” Games

in Sociology of Sport Journal
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Ecological modernization refers to the idea that capitalist-driven scientific and technological advancements can not only attend to the world’s pending environmental crises, but even lead to ecological improvement, thus allowing sustainability and consumption to continue in concert. In this paper, we examine ecological modernization at the confluence of environmentalism, international development and global sport. Through an analysis of golf and the 2016 Summer Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, we argue that golf’s return to the Olympic program is illustrative of a post-political approach to environmentalism, whereby ecological modernization is posited as a common-sense response to addressing matters of global climate change.

R. Millington is with the School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Darnell is with the Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. B. Millington is with the Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom.

Address author correspondence to Rob Millington at rmill@yorku.ca.
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