The present study explores recent changes in performances of masculinity in the West, through an exploration of the status of adolescent boys participating in mostly adult martial arts groups. Drawing on a qualitative methodology of ethnographic participation and in-depth interviews, I argue that adolescent boys simultaneously occupy positions of centrality and marginality. Hierarchies of age and seniority place the boys as inferior, to both men and women. But at the same time, adolescent boys occupy the center in at least three aspects: their status as “becoming men”; their potential to demonstrate the method’s effectiveness; and the social inclusiveness of the group. These findings demonstrate how supposedly progressive changes in performances of masculinity may lead to the fortification, rather than relaxation, of gender policing.
Maor is with the Gender Studies Program, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Be’er Sheva, Israel; and the Women’s and Gender Studies Program, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.
Anderson, E. (2005). Orthodox and inclusive masculinity: Competing masculinities among heterosexual men in a feminized terrain. 48(3), 337–355. doi:10.1525/sop.2005.48.3.33710.1525/sop.2005.48.3.337)| false
Anderson, E. (2011b). Updating the outcome: Gay athletes, straight teams, and coming out in educationally based sports teams. 25(2), 250–268. doi:10.1177/089124321039687210.1177/0891243210396872)| false
ChannonA. (2012). Western men and Eastern arts: The significance of Eastern martial arts disciplines in British men’s narratives of masculinity. Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science1(2–3) 111–127. doi:10.1080/21640599.2012.751170
Channon, A. (2012). Western men and Eastern arts: The significance of Eastern martial arts disciplines in British men’s narratives of masculinity. 1(2–3), 111–127. doi:10.1080/21640599.2012.75117010.1080/21640599.2012.751170)| false
Channon, A. (2013). Enter the discourse: Exploring the discursive roots of inclusivity in mixed-sex martial arts. 16(10), 1293–1308. doi:10.1080/17430437.2013.79089610.1080/17430437.2013.790896)| false
ChannonA & MatthewsC. (2015). “‘It is what it is’: Masculinity, homosexuality, and inclusive discourse in mixed martial arts”. Journal of Homosexuality62(7) 936–956. PubMed ID: 25603357 doi:10.1080/00918369.2015.1008280
Channon, A, & Matthews, C. (2015). “‘It is what it is’: Masculinity, homosexuality, and inclusive discourse in mixed martial arts”. 62(7), 936–956. PubMed ID: 25603357 doi:10.1080/00918369.2015.100828010.1080/00918369.2015.1008280)| false
GubbelsJ.van der StouweT.SpruitA. & StamsG.J.J. (2016). Martial arts participation and externalizing behavior in juveniles: A meta-analytic review. Aggression and Violent Behavior2873–81. doi:10.1016/j.avb.2016.03.011
Gubbels, J., van der Stouwe, T., Spruit, A., & Stams, G.J.J. (2016). Martial arts participation and externalizing behavior in juveniles: A meta-analytic review. 28, 73–81. doi:10.1016/j.avb.2016.03.01110.1016/j.avb.2016.03.011)| false
Hirose, A., & Pih, K.K. (2010). Men who strike and men who submit: Hegemonic and marginalized masculinities in mixed martial arts. 13(2), 190–209. doi:10.1177/1097184X0934441710.1177/1097184X09344417)| false
JackG. (2001). An ecological perspective on child abuse. In P.FoleyJ.Roche & S.Tucker (Ed.) Children in society: Contemporary theory policy and practice (pp. 177–92). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave in association with The Open University.
Jack, G. (2001). An ecological perspective on child abuse. In P.Foley, J.Roche, & S.Tucker (Ed.), (pp. 177–92). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave in association with The Open University.)| false
Karazi-Presler, T., Sasson-Levy, O., & Lomsky-Feder, E. (2018). Gender, emotions management, and power in organizations: The case of Israeli women junior military officers. 78(7–8), 573–586.10.1007/s11199-017-0810-7)| false
MagrathR.AndersonE. & RobertsS. (2015). On the door-step of equality: Attitudes toward gay athletes among academy level footballers. International Review for the Sociology of Sport50(7) 804–821. doi:10.1177/1012690213495747
Magrath, R., Anderson, E., & Roberts, S. (2015). On the door-step of equality: Attitudes toward gay athletes among academy level footballers. 50(7), 804–821. doi:10.1177/101269021349574710.1177/1012690213495747)| false
SteinfeldtJ.A.VaughanJ.E.LaFolletteL.R. & SteinfeldtM.C. (2012). Bullying among adolescent football players: Role of masculinity and moral atmosphere. Psychology of Men & Masculinity13(4) 340–353. doi:10.1037/a0026645
Steinfeldt, J.A., Vaughan, J.E., LaFollette, L.R., & Steinfeldt, M.C. (2012). Bullying among adolescent football players: Role of masculinity and moral atmosphere. 13(4), 340–353. doi:10.1037/a002664510.1037/a0026645)| false
WaldronJ. (2015). Predictors of mild hazing, severe hazing, and positive initiation rituals in sport. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching10(6) 1089–1101. doi:10.1260/1747-95184.108.40.2069