This paper responds to the Klein and Mandle papers, placing them in the context of a growing literature. It argues that noncustomary sports practices need to be examined in their own cultural settings rather than from the standards of the developed world. It refers to issues of ethnographic practice, and argues that the richest understandings will proceed from crossdisciplinary reference to fields such as history and anthropology.
Brian Stoddart, whose home university is the Canberra College of Advanced Education in Canberra, Australia, is presently with the School of Physical Education and Recreation, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W5.