Traditional involvement patterns in leisure-time physical activities may have changed with demographic shifts in American society. We analyzed a community survey of 401 Illinois adults to determine involvement in recreational activities by gender, age, race, and social class. Regression analyses reveal differences in participation in individual and team activities. These differences by demographic classification are explained by structural and normative influences.
Lesley Fishwick is with the Sociology Department, 326 Lincoln Hall, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801. Diane Hayes is with the Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, SUNY at Buffalo, 2211 Main St., Bldg. A., Buffalo, NY 14214.