Beyond Health and Happiness: An Exploratory Study Into the Relationship Between Craftsmanship and Meaningfulness of Sport

in Sociology of Sport Journal
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  • 1 University of Jyväskylä
  • 2 Liverpool John Moores University
  • 3 Keystone College
  • 4 Physical Activity Researcher Podcast
  • 5 University of Akureyri
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Meaning in movement is an enduring topic in sport social sciences, but few studies have explored how sport is meaningful and for whom. The authors examined the relationships between demographic variables, meaningfulness of sport, and craftsmanship. Athletes (N = 258, 61.6% male, age ≥18) from the United Kingdom completed a demographic questionnaire, the Work and Meaning Inventory modified for sport, and the Craftsmanship Scale. Older age and individual sport significantly correlated with higher craftsmanship. Craftsmanship and religion were two independent predictors of meaningfulness, but emphasized somewhat different meaning dimensions. Meaningfulness in sport seems to be related to how athletes approach their craft, as well as their overall framework of life meaning.

Ronkainen is with the Department of Psychology, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland. Ronkainen, McDougall, Feddersen, and Tahtinen are with the School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom. McDougall is also with the Turock School of Arts and Sciences, Keystone College, La Plume, PA, USA. Tikkanen is with the Physical Activity Researcher Podcast, Finland. Tahtinen is also with the Faculty of Psychology, University of Akureyri, Akureyri, Iceland.

Ronkainen (noora.j.ronkainen@jyu.fi) is corresponding author.
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