Mobile Mega-Event Expertise in an “East Asian Era”

in Sociology of Sport Journal
View More View Less
  • 1 Graduate School of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, Nishitokyo, Japan
  • | 2 University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan
Restricted access

An “East Asian Era” is unfolding in the hosting of the Olympic and Paralympic Games and other sports, and nonsports, mega-events. In addition to three editions of the Olympics and Paralympics, several other not as large mega-events have been or are set to be staged in East Asia over the next 5 years. How long the interest in hosting sports mega-events will continue and, if it does, who will be involved in the production of these events are the questions explored in this article. The article consists of five sections. First, we outline the context in which the growth of sports mega-events in the past four decades has occurred. Second, we sketch the theoretical and methodological approaches we use drawing on mobilities research and actor–network theory. Third, studies of knowledge management and policy transfer and mobilities associated with sports mega-events are discussed as a way of understanding the development of mobile mega-event expertise. Fourth, we examine career mobilities, networks, and the extent to which an East Asian “Mega-Event Caravan” could be said to exist or be in formation. Finally, we draw preliminary conclusions and indicate where further research is required.

Horne (horne@waseda.jp) is corresponding author, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4389-8204.

  • Adey, P., Bissell, D., Hannam, K., Merriman, P., & Sheller, M. (Eds.). (2014). The Routledge handbook of mobilities. Routledge.

  • Allison, L., & Tomlinson, A. (2017). Understanding international sport organizations. Routledge.

  • Australian Institute of Management. (2011). Gold medal leader [blog]. http://www.aim.com.au/blog/gold-medal-leader

  • Besnier, N., Brownell, S., & Carter, T. (2018). The anthropology of sport: Bodies, borders, biopolitics. University of California Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Birtchnell, T., & Caletrio, J. (Eds.). (2014). Elite mobilities. Routledge.

  • Boykoff, J. (2014a). Activism and the Olympics: Dissent at the games in Vancouver and London. Rutgers University Press.

  • Boykoff, J. (2014b). Celebration capitalism and the Olympic games. Routledge.

  • Boykoff, J. (2020). NOlympians. Inside the fight against capitalist mega-sports in Los Angeles, Tokyo and beyond. Fernwood Publishing.

  • Braithwaite, J. (2008). Regulatory capitalism. Edward Elgar.

  • Brannagan, P., & Giulianotti, R. (2015). Soft power and soft disempowerment: Qatar, global sport and football’s 2022 World Cup finals. Leisure Studies, 34(6), 703719. https://doi.org/10.1080/02614367.2014.964291

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bryman, A. (2016). Social research methods (5th ed.). Oxford University Press.

  • Carter, T. (2011). Foreign fields. The politics and experiences of transnational sports migration. Pluto Press.

  • Carter, T. (2017). Pulling back the curtain: On mobility and labour migration in the production of mega-events. In N. Salazar (Ed.), Mega-event mobilities. A critical analysis (pp. 1632). Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cashman, R., & Harris, R. (2012). The Australian Olympic Caravan from 2000 to 2012. A unique Olympic events industry. Walla Walla Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Clarke, S. (2011). Learning from the past, getting ready for the future. Olympic Review. IOC. https://www.olympic.org/news/learning-from-the-past-getting-ready-for-the-future.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cleland, J., Doidge, M., Millward, P., & Widdop, P. (2018). Collective action and football fandom. A relational sociological approach. Palgrave Macmillan.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Darnell, S., Giulianotti, R., Howe, P.D., & Collison, H. (2018) Re-assembling sport for development and peace through actor network theory: Insights from Kingston, Jamaica. Sociology of Sport Journal, 35(2), 8997. https://doi.org/10.1123/ssj.2016-0159

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • De Oliveira, N.G. (2021). Mega-events, city and power. Routledge.

  • Evans, G. (2016). London’s Olympic legacy. The inside track. Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Flyvbjerg, B., Bruzelius, N., & Rothengatter, W. (2018). Megaprojects and risk: An anatomy of ambition. Cambridge University Press and China Science Publishing and Media.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Flyvbjerg, B., Stewart, A., & Budzier, A. (2016). The Oxford Olympics Study 2016: Cost and cost overrun at the Games. University of Oxford: Said Business School Working Paper 2016-20. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2804554 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2804554.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Foucault, M. (1977). Discipline and punish: The birth of the prison. Penguin.

  • Grabher, G., & Thiel, J. (2015). Projects, people, professions: Trajectories of learning through a mega-event (the London 2012 case). Geoforum, 65, 328337. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2015.02.006

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gruneau, R., & Horne, J. (Eds.). (2016). Mega-events and globalization. Capital and spectacle in a changing world order. Routledge.

  • Gonzalez, S. (2011). Bilbao and Barcelona ‘in motion.’ How urban regeneration ‘models’ travel and mutate in the global flows of policy tourism. Urban Studies, 48, 13971418.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hayes, G., & Horne, J. (2011). Sustainable development, shock and awe? London 2012 and civil society. Sociology, 45(5), 749764. https://doi.org/10.1177/0038038511413424

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hayes, G., & Karamichas, J. (Eds.). (2012). Olympic games, mega-events and civil societies: Globalization, environment, resistance. Palgrave Macmillan.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hong, F., & Zhouxiang, L. (Eds.). (2021). The Routledge handbook of sport in Asia. Routledge.

  • Horne, J. (2011). Sports mega-events and the shaping of urban modernity in East Asia. In W. Tsutsui & M. Baskett (Eds.), The East Asian Olympiads 1934-2008 (pp. 183198). Brill.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Horne, J., & Manzenreiter, W. (2017). The production of the spectacle: Conceptualising labour and global sports mega-events. In N. Salazar, C. Timmerman, J. Wets, L.G. Gato, & S. Van den Broucke (Eds.), Mega-event mobilities (pp. 3351). Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Horne, J., & Whannel, G. (2020). Understanding the Olympics (3rd ed.). Routledge.

  • Huebner, S. (2016). Pan-Asian sports and the emergence of modern Asia, 1913-1974. National University of Singapore (NUS) Press.

  • International Olympic Committee. (2016). Debriefing Olympic Games, Rio 2016. https://stillmed.olympic.org/media/Document%20Library/OlympicOrg/Factsheets-Reference-Documents/OGKM/OGKM-factsheet-IOC-Debriefing-Olympic-Games-Rio−2016.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • International Olympic Committee. (2020). The Olympic Games: A springboard for young professionals. https://stillmed.olympic.org/media/Document%20Library/OlympicOrg/IOC/What-We-Do/celebrate-olympic-games/Sustainability/2020_05_01_A_Springboard_for_Young_Professionals.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jackson, S.J. (2013). Rugby World Cup 2011: Sport mega-events between the global and the local. Sport in Society, 16(7), 847852. https://doi.org/10.1080/17430437.2013.791157

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jackson, S.J. (Ed.). (2014). The other sport mega-event: Rugby World Cup 2011. Routledge.

  • Jackson, S.J. (2019). Rugby World Cup 2019 nitsuiteno kosatsu—Globalka no jidai niokeru All Blacks to Global Rugby [Reflections on the 2019 Rugby World Cup: The State of the All Blacks and Global Rugby in the Age of Globalisation]. Japanese Journal of Sport Sociology, 27(1), 120.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jennings, W. (2012). Olympic risks. Palgrave.

  • Kerr, R. (2016). Sport and technology. An actor-network theory perspective. Manchester University Press.

  • Klein, N. (2007). The shock doctrine. The rise of disaster capitalism. Allen Lane.

  • Larner, W., & Laurie, N. (2010). Travelling technocrats, embodied knowledges: Globalising privatisation in telecoms and water. Geoforum, 41(2), 218226. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2009.11.005

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Latour, B. (1987). Science in action. How to follow scientist and engineers through society. Harvard University Press.

  • Latour, B. (2005). Re-assembling the social. An introduction to actor-network-theory. Oxford University Press.

  • Lauermann, J. (2014). Competition through Interurban Policy Making: Bidding to host megaevents as entrepreneurial networking. Environment and Planning A, 46(11), 26382653. https://doi.org/10.1068/a130112p

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lauermann, J. (2016). Boston’s Olympic bid and the evolving urban politics of event-led development. Urban Geography, 37(2), 313321. https://doi.org/10.1080/02723638.2015.1072339

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Law, J., & Hassard, J. (Eds.). (1999). Actor network theory and after. Blackwell.

  • L’Etang, J. (2013). Sports public relations. Sage.

  • McKirdy, A. (2019, August 29). Brave Blossoms coach Jamie Joseph hails contributions of team’s foreign-born players. The Japan Times. https://www.japantimes.co.jp/sports/2019/08/29/rugby/brave-blossoms-coach-jamie-joseph-hails-contributions-teams-foreign-born-players/.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Millward, P. (2017). World Cup 2022 and Qatar’s construction projects. Current Sociology, 65(5), 756776. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011392116645382

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Monclús, F.J. (2007). Barcelona 1992. In J. Gold & M. Gold (Eds.), Olympic cities. City agendas, planning, and the world’s games, 1896-2012 (pp. 218236). Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Müller, M. (2014). The topological multiplicities of power: The limits of governing the Olympics. Economic Geography, 90(3), 321339.

  • Müller, M. (2015). What makes an event a mega-event? Definitions and sizes. Leisure Studies, 34(6), 627642.

  • Müller, M. (2017). Mobilities and mega-events: Four challenges, one warning. In N. Salazar (Ed.), Mega-event mobilities. A critical analysis (pp. 179186). Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Müller, M., & Pickles, J. (2015). Global games, local rules. Mega-events in the post-socialist world. European Urban and Regional Studies, 22(2), 121127.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Newman, J., Thorpe, H., & Andrews, D. (Eds.). (2020). Sport, physical culture, and the moving body. Rutgers University Press.

  • Oliver, R., & Lauermann, J. (2017). Failed Olympic bids and the transformation of urban space. Lasting legacies? Palgrave Pivot.

  • Parent, M. (2015). The organizing committee’s perspective. In M. Parent & J.-L. Chappelet (Eds.), Routledgehandbook of sports event management (pp. 4364). Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Parent, M., MacDonald, D., & Goulet, G. (2013). The theory and practice of knowledge management and transfer: The case of the Olympic games. Sport Management Review, 17(2), 205218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smr.2013.06.002

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Parent, M., & Smith-Shaw, S. (2013). Managing major sports events. Routledge.

  • Raco, M. (2014). Delivering flagship projects in an era of regulatory capitalism: State-led privatization and the London Olympics 2012. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 38(1), 176197. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2427.12025

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Roche, M. (2017). Mega-events and social change. Spectacle, legacy and public culture. Manchester University Press.

  • Rugby World Cup. (2020). RWC 2019 delivers record economic, social and sporting outcomes for Japan. Retrieved May 20, 2021, from https://www.rugbyworldcup.com/news/572269.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Saint-Martin, D. (2000). Building the new managerialist state: Consultants and the politics of public sector reform in comparative perspective. Oxford University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Salazar, N., Timmerman, C., Wets, J., Gato, G.L., & Van den Broucke, S. (Eds.). (2017). Mega-event mobilities. A critical analysis. Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sheller, M. (2014). Sociology after the mobilities turn. In P. Adey, D. Bissell, K. Hannam, P. Merriman, & M. Sheller (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of mobilities (pp. 4554). Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sismondo, S. (2009). An introduction to science and technology studies (2nd ed.). Wiley-Blackwell.

  • Sklair, L. (2001). The transnational capitalist class. Blackwell.

  • Temenos, C., & McCann, E. (2013). Geographies of policy mobilities. Geography Compass, 7(5), 344357. https://doi.org/10.1111/gec3.12063

  • Thorpe, H. (2014). Transnational mobilities in action sport cultures. Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Tsuruta, T. (2020). Kokusai sportsu event seikouno butaiura [Behind the scenes of a successful international sports event]. Tokyo: PIA.

  • Urry, J. (2000). Sociology beyond societies. Routledge.

  • Urry, J. (2007). Mobilities. Polity.

  • Ward, K. (2013). Entrepreneurial urbanism, policy tourism, and the making mobile of policies. In G. Bridge & S. Watson (Eds.), The new Blackwell companion to the city (pp. 726737). Blackwell.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wheaton, B., & Thorpe, H. (2022). Action sports and the Olympic games. Past, present, future. Routledge.

  • Whitson, D., & McIntosh, D. (1996). The global circus: International sport, tourism, and the marketing of cities. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 20(3), 278295. https://doi.org/10.1177/019372396020003004

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 437 437 53
Full Text Views 39 39 2
PDF Downloads 36 36 2