Sport psychology practitioners use various theoretical perspectives to inform their work. The potential contribution of psychodynamic concepts to professional sport psychology practice is explored. The basics of psychodynamic theory as it relates to normal personality, maladaptive functioning, and therapeutic intervention are reviewed. Specific attention is addressed to free association, resistance, transference, and countertransference. Treatment procedures, such as confrontation, clarification, and interpretation, are presented. Suggestions for including psychodynamic principles within other frameworks are offered.
William B. Strean is with the Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation at the University of Alberta, E-401 Van Vliet, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2H9, Canada. Herbert S. Strean is with the Graduate School of Social Work, Rutgers University, 7 West 96 Street, #5E, New York, NY 10025.