Psychodynamic concepts have only recently begun to attract serious attention in the sport psychology literature. A dynamically based, interpersonal approach to sport psychology consultation is outlined in this article. Key interpersonal constructs such as important persons and their internalized representations (IPIRs), copy processes, and self-sacrificing gifts of love are described to portray how a case formulation may be developed to explain and guide interventions to overcome some performance problems. Two cases, one involving a performance phobia and the other an enduring slump related to a fear of success, are presented to demonstrate the unique contributions of interpersonal case formulations in performance enhancement consultation.
David E. Conroy <David-Conroy@psu.edu> is with the Department of Kinesiology, 267 Rec Hall, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802; Lorna Smith Benjamin is with the Department of Psychology at the University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112.