The Cognitive and Motivational Effects of Imagery Training: A Matter of Perspective

in The Sport Psychologist
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  • 1 University of Ottawa
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The primary purpose of this study was to use synchronized skaters to examine the influence of imagery perspective on the cognitive and motivational functions of imagery during a five-week imagery training program. To this end, 16 novice synchronized skaters participated in an imagery intervention that incorporated both cognitive and motivational imagery. The Sport Imagery Questionnaire (SIQ: Hall, Mack, Paivio, & Hausenblas, 1998) was used to assess changes in the skaters’ use of cognitive and motivational images as a result of the training program. The results of a MANOVA indicated that skaters increased their use of cognitive specific and cognitive general imagery, regardless of their preferred imagery perspective. Furthermore, neither group showed changes in their use of imagery for motivational functions. The findings are discussed within the context of Hardy’s (1997) proposal that a particular imagery perspective is beneficial for the learning and performance of motor skills if it provides visual information that is otherwise not available to the performer.

Jennifer Cumming, formerly with the School of Human Kinetics at the University of Ottawa, is now at the School of Kinesiology, University of Western Ontario, London Ontario, N6A 3K7 Canada. E-mail: <>. Diane Ste-Marie, is with the School of Human Kinetics at the University of Ottawa.

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