A Qualitative Analysis of Catastrophic Performances and the Associated Thoughts, Feelings, and Emotions

in The Sport Psychologist
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Structured in-depth interviews explored the catastrophic experiences of eight elite performers. Participants responded to questions concerning an event in which they felt they had experienced an uncharacteristic but very noticeable drop in their performance, a “performance catastrophe.” Inductive and deductive analyses were employed to provide a clear representation of the data. This paper reports on how the dimensions emerging from the hierarchical content analysis changed from prior to the catastrophic drop in performance, during the drop, and after the drop (in terms of any recovery). Two emerging higher order dimensions, “sudden, substantial drop in performance” and “performance continued to deteriorate” provide support for one of the fundamental underpinnings of the catastrophe model (Hardy, 1990, 1996a, 1996b); that is, performance decrements do not follow a smooth and continuous path. The paper examines the implications of the findings with respect to applied practice and future research.

Tara Edwards is with the Sports Council for Wales, Sophia Gardens, Cardiff, Wales, UK. CF11 9SW; Lew Hardy is with SSHÂPE, George Site, University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd, UK. LL57 2EN; Kieran Kingston is with the School of Sport, PE, and Recreation at the University of Wales Institute, Cyncoed, Cardiff, UK; and Dan Gould is with the Dept, of Exercise and Sport Science at the University of North Carolina, Greensboro.

The Sport Psychologist
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