Training and Performance Self-Efficacy, Affect, and Performance in Wheelchair Road Racers

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Jeffrey J. Martin Wayne State University

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In the current study, social cognitive theory was examined with athletes with disabilities. More specifically, hierarchical and self-regulatory performance self-efficacy, self-regulatory training self-efficacy, outcome confidence, and affect were examined with wheelchair road racers (N = 51). In accordance with social cognitive theory, moderate to strong significant relationships among 3 types of self-efficacy and outcome confidence were found (rs = .41 - .78). All forms of self-efficacy and positive affect (rs = .39 - .56) were also related providing additional support to social cognitive theory and the important relationships among training and performance related efficacy and affect in sport.

The author is with the Division of Kinesiology, Health, and Sport Studies, 266 Matthaei Building, Wayne State University, Detroit MI 48202. E-mail:

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