A Decade of Qualitative Research in Sport Psychology Journals: 1990-1999

in The Sport Psychologist

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Diane M. CulverUniversity of Ottawa

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Wade D. GilbertCalifornia State University, Fresno

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Pierre TrudelUniversity of Ottawa

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Part of the on-going dialogue on qualitative research in sport and exercise psychology, this review portrays the qualitative articles published in three sport psychology journals and examines how qualitative research can deepen our knowledge in applied sport psychology. Eighty-four of the 485 research articles published in these journals used a qualitative data collection technique. The interview was used in 67 studies. Peer review and reliability tests were often used for establishing trustworthiness. Member checking was mostly limited to participant verification of interview transcripts. Results were usually presented using both words and numbers. Selected studies are discussed in relation to applied sport psychology knowledge. Published qualitative articles suggest a conservative effort by sport psychology researchers to include the qualitative approach as a legitimate way to do research.

Diane M. Culver and Pierre Trudel are with the School of Human Kinetics at the University of Ottawa, P.O. Box 450, Stn. A. Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5. E-mail: diculver@rogers.com; Wade D. Gilbert is with the Department of Kinesiology at California State University, Fresno.

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