The Multi-Level Classification System for Sport Psychology (MCS-SP)

in The Sport Psychologist

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Frank L. GardnerLa Salle University

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Zella E. MooreLa Salle University

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In response to the absence of a taxononomical system for the structured assessment, conceptualization, and intervention of athlete-clients, the MCS-SP is a model for the comprehensive evaluation of athlete-clients’ needs, strategies for in-depth case conceptualization, and systematic formulation of the most appropriate type and level of professional service required. This classification system is based on the primary issues, needs, and life circumstances of the athlete-client and the suggested assessment and intervention foci combine the environmental, interpersonal, intrapersonal, behavioral, and performance history/demands that impact athletic clientele. Categories within the taxonomy include Performance Development, Performance Dysfunction, Performance Impairment, and Performance Termination, each of which include two subtypes that further guide the appropriate, ethical, and effective provision of services.

The authors are with the Department of Psychology at La Salle University in Philadelphia. E-mail: gardner@lasalle.edu.

The basic model was originally presented by the authors in October 2001 at the annual conference of the Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology in Orlando, Florida.

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