Coaches’ and Athletes’ Perceptions of Efficacy-Enhancing Techniques

in The Sport Psychologist
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD $24.95

Student 1 year subscription

USD $68.00

1 year subscription

USD $90.00

Student 2 year subscription

USD $129.00

2 year subscription

USD $168.00

Previous research has offered insight into coaches’ perceptions of various efficacy-enhancing techniques but not athletes’ perceptions of their coaches’ techniques. The purpose of the present research was to compare coaches’ and athletes’ perceptions of efficacy enhancing techniques. Male (n = 29) and female (n = 49) baseball, basketball, softball, and soccer coaches and teams were surveyed from Division II and III collegiate programs. Results found that the strategies that coaches perceived they used most, as well as were the most effective, were instruction-drilling, acting confident themselves, and encouraging positive talk. Athletes had similar perceptions to their coaches regarding coaches’ use and effectiveness of efficacy techniques. However, closer examination revealed coaches’ and athletes’ mean perceptions of these techniques to vary among levels of congruence and incongruence. Exploratory analyses were also conducted on coaches’ and athletes’ perceptions by gender.

Tiffanye M. Vargas-Tonsing is now with the Department of Health and Kinesiology at The University of Texas at San Antonio. Nicholas D. Myers and Deborah L. Feltz are with the Department of Kinesiology at Michigan State University. E-mail:

The Sport Psychologist
Article Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 95 95 33
Full Text Views 12 12 5
PDF Downloads 16 16 7
Altmetric Badge
Google Scholar
Cited By