Facilitating Endurance Performance: The Effects of Cognitive Strategies and Analgesic Suggestions

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Kevin S. Spink Footscray Institute of Technology

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This study examined the effects of a cognitive strategy (dissociation) and an analgesic suggestion on the duration and pain ratings of individuals performing a muscular endurance task. Thirty-six individuals were randomly assigned to one of three experimental groups: dissociation group, dissociation/analgesic group, and a control group. Measures of leg-holding times and subjective pain ratings were obtained twice, once before the treatment and once after the treatment. Results indicated that individuals in the dissociation/analgesic group performed significantly better on the posttest than individuals in the dissociation and control groups. No significant differences in reported pain ratings were found between any of the three groups. The findings are discussed in terms of alternative explanations. Future research directions are also provided.

Kevin S. Spink is with Footscray Institute of Technology, Ballarat Road, Footscray, P.O. Box 64, Footscray, Victoria, Australia 3011.

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