High Altitude Climbers as Ethnomethodologists Making Sense of Cognitive Dissonance: Ethnographic Insights from an Attempt to Scale Mt. Everest

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Shaunna M. Burke University of Ottawa

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Andrew C. Sparkes Exeter University

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Jacquelyn Allen-Collinson Exeter University

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This ethnographic study examined how a group of high altitude climbers (N = 6) drew on ethnomethodological principles (the documentary method of interpretation, reflexivity, indexicality, and membership) to interpret their experiences of cognitive dissonance during an attempt to scale Mt. Everest. Data were collected via participant observation, interviews, and a field diary. Each data source was subjected to a content mode of analysis. Results revealed how cognitive dissonance reduction is accomplished from within the interaction between a pattern of self-justification and self-inconsistencies; how the reflexive nature of cognitive dissonance is experienced; how specific features of the setting are inextricably linked to the cognitive dissonance experience; and how climbers draw upon a shared stock of knowledge in their experiences with cognitive dissonance.

Burke is with the University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada. Sparkes and Allen-Collinson are with the Qualitative Research Unit, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, St. Luke’s Campus, Exeter, Devon, EX1 2LU, UK.

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