The Coach-Athlete Relationship: A Tripartite Efficacy Perspective

in The Sport Psychologist
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The purpose of the current study was to identify putative antecedents and consequences associated with self-efficacy, other-efficacy, and relation-inferred self-efficacy, within the context of elite coach-athlete dyads. Semistructured interviews were conducted with each member of six international-level coach-athlete partnerships, and data were analyzed using inductive and deductive content analytic techniques. Results for both athletes and coaches demonstrated that the above ‘tripartite efficacy beliefs’ (cf. Lent & Lopez, 2002) were identified as originating from perceptions regarding oneself, inferences regarding the ‘other’ dyad member (e.g., the athlete’s coach), as well as the dyad as a whole. Results also revealed that the tripartite efficacy constructs were interrelated, and independently associated with a number of positive task-related and relationship-oriented consequences. Findings are considered in relation to developing and sustaining effective coach-athlete relationships at the elite level.

Jackson is with the School of Sport Science, and Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, 6009, Australia. Knapp is with the School of Healthcare, University of Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK. Beauchamp is with the School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada.

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