Development of the Coaching Issues Survey (CIS)

in The Sport Psychologist
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  • 1 Performance Enhancement Group, Inc.
  • | 2 Henderson State University
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The Coaching Issues Survey (CIS) was developed to measure sport/coaching-specific issues that may produce stress within the coaching role and situation. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis revealed a four-factor structure with a sample of collegiate basketball coaches. The four separate, but related subscales of Win-Loss, Time-Role, Program-Success, and Athlete-Concerns demonstrated high internal consistency and good stability over time. The CIS was sensitive to gender differences and paralleled differences noted with stress and burnout measures. The CIS was quite predictive of stress appraisal and slightly predictive of burnout, providing evidence for construct validity as a personal/situational variable within the current theoretical conceptualizations of the stress and burnout process. The initial reliability and validity evidence suggests that the CIS can be a valuable measure of potentially problematic issues for coaches, facilitating the investigation of stress and burnout in coaching.

Kelley is with the Performance Enhancement Group, Inc., Mesa, AZ 85202. Baghurst is with the Dept. of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Athletic Training. Henderson State University, Arkadelphia, AR 71999.

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