A Temporal Examination of Elite Performers Sources of Sport-Confidence

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Kieran Kingston University of Wales Institute Cardiff

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Andrew Lane University of Wales Institute Cardiff

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Owen Thomas University of Wales Institute Cardiff

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This study examined temporal changes in sources of sport-confidence during the build up to an important competition. Elite individual athletes (N = 54) completed the Sources of Sport-Confidence Questionnaire (SSCQ) at five precompetition phases (6 weeks, 4 weeks, 3 weeks, 2 weeks and 1 week before competition). A two-factor (gender x time-to-competition) MANOVA revealed no significant interactions, but highlighted both time-to-competition and gender main effects. Time-to-competition main effects indicated the importance placed upon demonstration of ability, physical/mental preparation, physical self-presentation and situational favorableness sources of sport-confidence changed during the precompetition phase. Gender main effects revealed that female athletes demonstrated a significantly greater reliance on sources associated with mastery, physical self-presentation, social support, environmental comfort and coach’s leadership than male athletes. These findings emphasize the benefit of considering sources of sport-confidence as competition approaches; they may have implications for the design and timing of confidence based interventions.

Kingston, Lane, and Thomas are with the Cardiff School of Sport, University of Wales Institute Cardiff, (UWIC), Cardiff, UK.

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